JustPrepRaj Logo




The rich culture of Rajasthan is a mixture of its unique heritage, history, food, clothing, festivals, tradition, music and drama. Folk songs are one such medium of expression of a culture. They are joyful songs which represent the condition of society of contemporary times. They are based on every occasion of life.

Rajasthan folk songs usually depict Shringar Rasa. These songs have been passed from one generation to other but nobody knows about their composer and exact time of composition. Another feature is, the emotions behind the song enjoys predominance over language.

Folk songs of Rajasthan can be divided into following categories based upon the occasion, castes, professions and region.

  1. Most of the folk songs fall under this category. Females sing these songs on various occasions like festivals, religious ceremonies, during marriages and engagements, on birth of a child, etc.
  2. Ghodi song is sung when groom rides on horse during Var-Nikasi ceremony.
  3. Jala song depicts the excitement of ladies of bride’s family when they go to see the arrival of the groom.
  4. To welcome the groom’s procession (baraat), female sings Seethna song.
  5. On the occasion of the child’s birth, women sing Jachcha song to praise and congratulate the pregnant lady. They express their blessings and happiness through it.
  6. The popular Ghoomar song is the identity of Rajasthan in the whole world. It is sung during Gangaur and Teej celebrations.
  7. On gauri worship day, Ghudla song is sung to symbolize bravery of Rao Satal Ji.
  8. Krishna leela songs of Bharatpur and Kaman and Languria dedicated to Kaila Devi of Karauli are very popular. These are sung to worship god and goddess.
  9. Other prevalent folk songs of Rajasthan are Gorband, Panihari, Indodi, Kaagla, Supna, Oliyun, Kurja.
  1. There are some castes in the state that have been practicing music as profession since ancient times. It began with the purpose to entertain royal families and common masses.
  2. Such castes are Dholi, Mirasi, Langa, Dhadhi, Kalavant, Bhat, Rao, Jogi, Kamad, Vairagi, Gandharv, Bhope, Bhawai, Rana and Kalbelia.
  3. Maand Gayaki is a style of singing which is sung by professionals in different areas of the state with slight difference of notes. Various styles are Maand of Udaipur, Maand of Jaipur, Maand of Bikaner, Maand of Jaisalmer.
  4. Garh songs were sung when feudal lords arranged events to honour Royal Darbars and other wealthy people.

They can be classified into following:

  • Desert Songs

Area- Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur.

Songs- Peepli, Ratan Rano, Mumal, Ghooghari, Kevda.

Castes- Kamad, Bhope, Sargade,Lange, Mirasi, Kalawant.

  • Mountains Songs

Area- Udaipur, Dungarpur, Banswara, Pratapgarh, Sirohi, Mount Abu.

Songs- Patelya, Beechhiyo, Lalar.

Castes- Bheel, Meena, Garasia, Saharia, Damore.

  • Plain Songs 

Area- Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Jaipur, Karauli.

Songs- Bhakti and Shringar Rasa.


Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries

FAQ content not found.

Crack Railway Exam with RAS Insider

Get free access to unlimited live and recorded courses from India’s best educators

Structured syllabus

Daily live classes

Ask doubts

Tests & practice


Get all the important information related to the RPSC & RAS Exam including the process of application, important calendar dates, eligibility criteria, exam centers etc.

Related articles

Learn more topics related to RPSC & RAS Exam Study Materials


स्वास्थ्य का अधिकार | RAS EXAM प्रदेशवासियों को मिला स्वास्थ्य का अधिकार प्रावधान :- Frequently Asked Questions Q.01 What is in right to health bill? Ans: The Act gives every

राजस्थान प्रमुख भू-आकृतिक प्रदेश एवं उनकी विशेषताएँ | GEOMORPHIC | RAS | PRE | MAINS

GEOMORPHIC REGIONS OF RAJASTHAN | RAS राजस्थान प्रमुख भू-आकृतिक प्रदेश एवं उनकी विशेषताएँ राजस्थान प्रमुख भू-आकृतिक प्रदेश एवं उनकी विशेषताएँ -राजस्थान एक विशाल राज्य है अत: यहाँ धरातलीय विविधताओ का

मेवाड का इतिहास | HISTORY OF MEWAR | RAS |

राजस्थान के इतिहास में मेवाड रियासत का एक अभूतपूर्व स्थान है | इस रियासत ने अनेक वीर शासको को जन्म दिया ; अत: ऐसे में इस रियासत से सम्बंधित अनेक

Access more than

100+ courses for RPSC & RAS Exams