HAVELIS AND MAHALS OF RAJASTHAN | RAS EXAM

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          Haveli of Nathmal 

  • Two brothers Lalu and Hathi of Jaisalmer built this Haveli.
  • The door of the haveli is decorated with elephant made of yellow stone similar to that of Eravat of India.
  • It was built around 1884-85 A.D.
  • It has big spacious balconies and beautiful ornamentation.

 

          Patwon ki Haveli

  • In 18th century, a businessman Gumanchand Bafna built it in Jaisalmer.
  • The architecture is the amalgamation of Indian, Sindh, Mughal and Jewish style.
  • It is worldwide known for its beautiful work of stone mesh and etchings on the entrance, rooms and edge.
  • Haveli has been constructed on 8-10 ft. high raised platform of.
  • It is seven floors building with a basement and 6 upper buildings.
  • Roofs are made of wooden material.
  • The front view of the building has windows, balcony and fitted railings. There are works of artefacts on them.
  • Embellishment with ivory and golden work on the walls.
  • Paintings of flora and fauna gives the striking look.

 

          Bagore Haveli 

  • This Haveli was built by Thakur Amarchand Badwa on the Bank of the Pichchola lake in Udaipur.
  • In 1986, Government turned it into Western Region Cultural Centre.
  • It has total 138 numbers of room.
  • There is a world’s largest turban kept inside which is a center of attraction.

 

         Haveli of Salim Singh

  • Salim Singh was a Deewan of Jaisalmer who build this Haveli.
  • The building has 9 floors of wood, out of which 7 are made of stones, eighth one is known as Rangmahal and ninth floor is called as Sheeshmahal.
  • It is also known as Roopmahal and Kamal Mahal.
  • The top floor is 80 ft. high and called as Moti Mahal.
  • There are 48 jharokhe and windows decked with various artefacts.

 

         Room of Maliji

  • According to people, it was built by Malchand Kothari 100 years ago in Churu.
  • Malchand was the grandson of Seth Hazarimal Kothari and son of Seth Shobhachand Kothari.
  • Therefore, it is called Room of Maliji.

 

          Pushp Haveli

  • It is known as Pushp Haveli because it was built within Pushp Nakshtra.
  • The builder was a Pushkarna Brahmin- Raghunathmal Joshi aka Bhurji.
  • He worked as Kamdar of Jaswant Singh II.

 

          Jawaharkhana

  • It is 50 ft. high above the ground level.
  • Red stones have been used to build its walls.
  • It was constructed by ruler Jaswant Singh.
  • The pillars are made of chhitar stone.

 

          Jaswantthada

  • King Sardar Singh made this in 1906 in remembrance of his father Jaswant Singh II.
  • It is situated on the foothills of the Mehrangarh.
  • White stones were used for the construction.
  • Pictures of all the ancestral kings are placed on the walls of the building.

 

          Jubilee Court 

  • It was built by Pratap Singh, Prime Minister of Jaswant Singh II.
  • It is located near Rai ka Bagh, Jodhpur.
  • It took 10 years to construct and was dedicated to Queen Victoria on her completion of 25 years of rule.
  • It was named as Jubilee Court.
  • It has three poles inside. The middle pole has huge picture of Pratap Singh.

 

          Rampuria Haveli 

  • A haveli built 100 years back in Bikaner.
  • It was made of red stones by Silawat and Usta artists of Bikaner.
  • It has three floors.
  • The artwork is a mixture of Mughal, Hindu and European designs.

 

          Bijolai Ka Mahal

  • It is situated in between Kaylana mounatins in Jodhpur.
  • It was made by King Takht Singh.
  • There is a big hall between second and third floor which is covered with forty pillars from all the sides.
  • There are images of ring-shaped in maroon and blue colors on the roof.

 

          Soorsagar ka Mahal 

  • Sur Singh built the Mahal in Jodhpur.
  • A sarovar was built both the sides of the Palace.
  • There are two palaces facing each other. One for ladies and other for gents.
  • A museum full of artefacts, was opened in the palace in 1909.
  • A library of rare books collection was opened by Vishveshwarnath Reu.

 

          Other Important Mahals 

  • Bharatpur (City of Deeg) is renowned for its palaces and fountains.
  • Palaces with beautiful Mughal architecture are – Rang Mahal, Karn Mahal of Bikaner, Sheesh Mahal of Amer, Phool Mahal of Jodhpur, Jagmandir and Jagniwas of Udaipur.
  • Hexagonal structure Chattris are Gaitore of Jaipur, Panchkund and Jawantthada of Jodhpur, Chattrivilas in Kota, Devkund in Bikaner and Bada Bagh in Jaisalmer.

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