HAVELIS AND MAHALS OF RAJASTHAN | RAS EXAM
Haveli of Nathmal
- Two brothers Lalu and Hathi of Jaisalmer built this Haveli.
- The door of the haveli is decorated with elephant made of yellow stone similar to that of Eravat of India.
- It was built around 1884-85 A.D.
- It has big spacious balconies and beautiful ornamentation.
Patwon ki Haveli
- In 18th century, a businessman Gumanchand Bafna built it in Jaisalmer.
- The architecture is the amalgamation of Indian, Sindh, Mughal and Jewish style.
- It is worldwide known for its beautiful work of stone mesh and etchings on the entrance, rooms and edge.
- Haveli has been constructed on 8-10 ft. high raised platform of.
- It is seven floors building with a basement and 6 upper buildings.
- Roofs are made of wooden material.
- The front view of the building has windows, balcony and fitted railings. There are works of artefacts on them.
- Embellishment with ivory and golden work on the walls.
- Paintings of flora and fauna gives the striking look.
- This Haveli was built by Thakur Amarchand Badwa on the Bank of the Pichchola lake in Udaipur.
- In 1986, Government turned it into Western Region Cultural Centre.
- It has total 138 numbers of room.
- There is a world’s largest turban kept inside which is a center of attraction.
Haveli of Salim Singh
- Salim Singh was a Deewan of Jaisalmer who build this Haveli.
- The building has 9 floors of wood, out of which 7 are made of stones, eighth one is known as Rangmahal and ninth floor is called as Sheeshmahal.
- It is also known as Roopmahal and Kamal Mahal.
- The top floor is 80 ft. high and called as Moti Mahal.
- There are 48 jharokhe and windows decked with various artefacts.
Room of Maliji
- According to people, it was built by Malchand Kothari 100 years ago in Churu.
- Malchand was the grandson of Seth Hazarimal Kothari and son of Seth Shobhachand Kothari.
- Therefore, it is called Room of Maliji.
- It is known as Pushp Haveli because it was built within Pushp Nakshtra.
- The builder was a Pushkarna Brahmin- Raghunathmal Joshi aka Bhurji.
- He worked as Kamdar of Jaswant Singh II.
- It is 50 ft. high above the ground level.
- Red stones have been used to build its walls.
- It was constructed by ruler Jaswant Singh.
- The pillars are made of chhitar stone.
- King Sardar Singh made this in 1906 in remembrance of his father Jaswant Singh II.
- It is situated on the foothills of the Mehrangarh.
- White stones were used for the construction.
- Pictures of all the ancestral kings are placed on the walls of the building.
- It was built by Pratap Singh, Prime Minister of Jaswant Singh II.
- It is located near Rai ka Bagh, Jodhpur.
- It took 10 years to construct and was dedicated to Queen Victoria on her completion of 25 years of rule.
- It was named as Jubilee Court.
- It has three poles inside. The middle pole has huge picture of Pratap Singh.
- A haveli built 100 years back in Bikaner.
- It was made of red stones by Silawat and Usta artists of Bikaner.
- It has three floors.
- The artwork is a mixture of Mughal, Hindu and European designs.
Bijolai Ka Mahal
- It is situated in between Kaylana mounatins in Jodhpur.
- It was made by King Takht Singh.
- There is a big hall between second and third floor which is covered with forty pillars from all the sides.
- There are images of ring-shaped in maroon and blue colors on the roof.
Soorsagar ka Mahal
- Sur Singh built the Mahal in Jodhpur.
- A sarovar was built both the sides of the Palace.
- There are two palaces facing each other. One for ladies and other for gents.
- A museum full of artefacts, was opened in the palace in 1909.
- A library of rare books collection was opened by Vishveshwarnath Reu.
Other Important Mahals
- Bharatpur (City of Deeg) is renowned for its palaces and fountains.
- Palaces with beautiful Mughal architecture are – Rang Mahal, Karn Mahal of Bikaner, Sheesh Mahal of Amer, Phool Mahal of Jodhpur, Jagmandir and Jagniwas of Udaipur.
- Hexagonal structure Chattris are Gaitore of Jaipur, Panchkund and Jawantthada of Jodhpur, Chattrivilas in Kota, Devkund in Bikaner and Bada Bagh in Jaisalmer.