MAJOR TEMPLES AND SCLUPTURES OF RAJASTHAN | RAS EXAM
Published on May 11, 2021 by Just Prep Raj |
Last Updated on June 8, 2023 by Just Prep Raj
Rajasthan has been mainly a state of Hindu community; therefore, it has large numbers of temples built here. Early centuries temples like Temples of Matasya state and Abhaneri temple of Harshamata were specially designed in Mahamaru style. Temple of Usha
- It is located in Bayana of Bharatpur and was built by Banasur.
- A beautiful architecture based on a love epic.
- It was later renovated by Ling lakshmansen’s wife Chitralekha and daughter Manglaraj in 336 A.D.
- Four-sided face (charmukhi) Shiva temple is placed in Nagda near Udaipur.
- Eklingji is regarded as deity of Mewar rulers.
- It was constructed by Bappa Rawal and renovated by Mohal
- There is an inscription in the south gate.
Temple of Saas Bahu
- It is near Eklingi ji temple in Nagda.
- Originally it was named as Sahashrabahu which is of Lord Vishnu.
- It is styled in Mahamaru and Solanki.
- There is big temple called as Saas Mandir while small temple buildings around it are known as Bahu Mandir.
Shiva Temple of Kansua
- It is situated in Kota city.
- There is an 8th century old rock inscription of Shiva written in Kutiya script on the left side of the wall.
- It is said that first ray of the sun in the morning falls on the Shivalinga in the temple.
Kapil Muni Temple
- It is located in the Kolayat of Bikaner.
- It is known as holy place of Kapil Muni.
- There are 5 temples and 52 Ghats at the lake near this temple.
- One of the biggest fairs of the Jangal Pradesh is organized on every Purnima of shukhla paksh of Kartik month.
- A temple devoted to Lord Krishna which is placed in Patanpol of Kota.
- Vitthalnath ji, son of Vallabhcharya, established this temple and therefore, it is the main seat of Vaishnav sect.
- This is the only temple of Vibhishan in India situated in Kothun town of Kota.
- It belongs to a period somewhere between 3rd- 5th
- The idol does not have any body, there is only head which is worshipped.
- It is located in Hashchma village in Barmer, below the Mount Haldeshwar.
- There have been found remains of 5 ancient temples,out of which one is of Vishnu and other four belongs to Shiva.
- One belongs to famous Someshwar temple.
- On these remaining idols there are paintings depicting scenes of Ramayana, Sagar Manthan and Mahabharata, Krishna Leela.
- It is also known as Treasure of Idols.
Temple of Mallinath Ji
- It is present in Tilwara of Barmer and it is also the tomb of Mallinath ji.
- People worship him as a Lok Devta.
- In every Chaitra month a huge animal fair is organized from Krishna paksh Ekadashi to Shukhla paksh Ekadashi.
- The temple is situated at 3000 ft. above on Mount Harshanath near Sikar.
- It is designed in Mahamaru style of architecture.
- Vigrahraj IV, ruler of Ajmer built it in 656 A.D.
- In 18th century, Raoraja Shiv Singh of Sikar constructed a new building.
- On the thirteenth day (triyodashi) of every Bhadrapad month, a huge fair is organized.
Khed temple of Ranchhod Rai Ji
- It was built in Vikram Samvat 1230.
- There is a giant idol of Sheshshyan Vishnu in the temple.
- A fair is organized every year on Radhaashtmi.
Khatu Shyam Ji Temple
- Khatu Shyam ji temple is situated in Sikar district.
- The foundation of the temple was laid down by Abhay Singh, Sisodia ruler of Ajmer.
- Head part of Barbari, a character of Mahabharata, is worshipped here in the form of Lord Krishna in Kalyug.
- Eleventh and twelfth day of Fagun month is celebrated every year as festive fair.
- People come traveling on foot from distant places.
- A beautiful architect of red-colored stone on 84 pillars, located in Bharatapur.
- The temple structure is raised above ground on a chauki (stool) and has large aangan (open space) around it.
- It has been built in Nagar style.
- Temple was founded by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1846 but idol of Ganga was installed in 1937 by Maharaj Brijendra Singh.
Govind Dev Ji Temple
- Sawai Jai Singh brought two twin Idols of Radhakrishna from Vrindavana and established Govind Dev ji temple in Palace of Jaipur.
- It a beautiful centre of artistic craft and regarded as important holy place of Godiya sect.
- A temple devoted to Dadhimati, a nurse (dai maa) worshipped as deity of Brahmins.
- It is situated in the Nagaur district at the border of Goth and Maglod.
- It was built in Pratihar style during 9th
- It has depiction of Ramayana on the inner wall and an idol of Ganesha on the south side and Shemankari on western side.
- It has Sapthbhum naat shikar of Nagar style.
Jagat Shiromani Mandir
- It was built by Raja Man Singh in Amber in remembrance of his son Jagat Singh.
- It is made of red-coloured stones in Nagar style.
- There is a black idol of Lord Krishna.
- It is presumed that this idol was brought from Chittor where Meera Bai worshiped it.
- Toran Dwar is uniquely designed. The architecture of the temple is exceptional.
Temple of Jeenamata
- Jeenamata is considered as deity of Chuahan
- It has an idol of Asthbhuja.
- It is situated on Mount Harsh in Ralawata village of Sikar.
Ambika Temple of Jagat
- It is located in Amba Devi near Udaipur.
- The temple is divided into three parts – a Sabha Mandap, one big temple and a small temple of Jal Pranalika.
- At 50 metres distance, there is Nritya (dance) Mandap where postures of Durga is depicted.
- The idol of the Durga is Kshemkari Vigrah. Images of dancing and singing Apsara are also there.
- Idols of Uma, Saraswati and Mahishamardini is placed inside the temple.
Sun Temple of Jhalarapattan
- Situated in the district Jhalawar, the main idols of the temple are the Sun and Vishnu with a chariot.
- It was designed in Nagar style in 10th century.
- It has shrine sanctorum, Toran Dwar and a Sabha Mandap.
- Lord Shiva, Parvati and Kuber idols are placed on the chariot.
- There is a famous Trimukh idol of Sun God.
- It also has image of Lord Shiva performing tandav.
- This has Pragriv style.
- It was built in 1671 by Maharaja Raj Singh in Kankroli village of Rajsamand.
- It is among the temple of Pushtimarg.
- Murals depicting Lord krishna’s childhood time in Mewari style.
Jain temple of Delwara
- It is situated in Mount Abu.
- White marbles have been used to build 5 temples.
- First temple was built by Vimalshah, minister of King Bhimdev of Gujarat and dedicated to Aadinath.
- Vastupal and his brother Tejpal made two other temples after 100 years.
- It is compared to pan style of Greece and Church of West Minster Abbey of England.
- The structure has Nagar style.
- There is only 1 Jain Digambar temple and rest are Shwetamaber temples.
- Second temple is of Tirthankar Neminath built in 1230.
- Images of Saraswati, Lakshmi, Padmavati and Sheetla goddesses are carved out on the dome of the temple.
- All these idols are installed in 57 Devarias.
Nakati Mata Temple (Bhawnipur)
- It is called as Nakati Mata temple for it has irregular shaped idols.
- It is situated on Jaipur-Ajmer route.
- Stone idols of Ganesha, Skand and Saptabhumi sitting on a lion can be found there.
- At the entrance, there are images of Nagrah carved out on Maladhari chariot, Roop stambh and Patravalli.
- Vishnu’s vehicle Garud is also drawn there.
- Shiva temple belongs to 10th century, situated in Padanagar of Alwar.
- Idol of Shiva is made of black quartz stone.
- Other temples of Vishnu, Brahma and Narsingh are also there.
- The statue of Surya along with Shiva who is targeting at Tripurasur with his bow while Nandi is under his hump.
- It is situated in Falna and Sadri in Pali
- It was constructed by Deyak Brahmin on the order of Dharnak, a confidant of Kumbha.
- It has 85 Shikhar, 24 Mandap, 1444 pillars and 25 stairs.
- It has Adinatha idol inside whereas temple of Parsvanatha is in front of it.
- Hoop of the temple is of 48 thousand square foot.
Surya temple of Toos
- It is present on the banks of the river Bedach in Udaipur.
- It is regarded as holy worship place by Saur sect.
- There is a dome of octangular shape above and eight pillars on which statue of Mitrika has been engraved.
- There are remaining of the paintings on the pillars showing the Sun in sitting posture along with one Apsara on each side.
Ranakpur’s Sun Temple
- It is situated in Pali.
- Lord Sun is sitting on a chariot which is being pulled by eight horses.
- On the outer wall of the sanctorum there is an image of seven horses and other god and goddesses.
- Also known as temple of Mokal, this temple is in Chittor.
- Information about this temple is also given Kumbhalgarh Inscription.
- According to the Kumar Pal inscription of 1150, it is a Jain temple built by Chalukya King Naresh Kumar Pal.
- In the form of Vamdev, Sadjyot and Bhairav, Lord Shiva has been symbolised.
- It has Jain Idpols of Yaksh, Yakshini and Munindra.
Osian Sun Temple
- In the form of Panchayatan, this temple is located in Osian village of Jodhpur.
- It is dedicated to Lord Lakshminarayan and Lord Sun.
- Statues of Mahishamardini and Balram and Vishnu is there at the entrance gate.
- On the south direction of the temple, there is Kund and Vyapi.
- It has balconies in form of Ramnak and pillars decorated with Ghatpallav.
Temple of Srinath Ji
- It is situated near Banas river in Nathdwara of Rajsamand district.
- Gusain ji and Damodar Tilkayat brought the idol of Srinath ji to Jodhpur from Vrindavana to save it from Aurangzeb.
- It was later, taken to Mewar by Maharaja Raj Singh in 1669 A.D.
- There is a seven coloured flag always hoisted above the temple.
The Temple of Meera Bai
- It was built in the courtyard of the Chittorgarh fort just near to Kumbh Shyam temple.
- It was constructed in Indo-Aryan style by Maharana Sanga.
- It has black-coloured idol of lord Krishna.
- Later, Maharaja Sajjan Singh also installed Kalika Mata idol in the sanctorum after it got destructed by the attack of the Mughals.
- It is located near Chandrabhaga river in Chittorgarh.
- Also known as Haridwar of Rajasthan.
- Here, ashes of the deceased people are immersed.
- A very famous temple situated in Pushkar of Ajmer.
- It was constructed by Guru Shankaracharya but later renovated by Gokul Chand Pareek in 1809.
- It has a life-size chaturmukhi idol of Brahma.
- It was constructed by Arnoraj, the grand-father of Prithviraj Chauha in Pushkar.
- It was refurbished by Saga, brother of Pratap during the period of Akbar.
- It was wrecked by the Aurangzeb but it again got constructed by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur in 1727.
Salasar Hanuman Temple
- It is situated in the Churu
- A farmer, Mohandas, found an idol of Hanuman ji in the fields in 1737.
- The Idol have beard and mustache and placed on a golden throne.
- Every Poornima of Bhadrapad, Ashwin, Chaitra and Baisakh month, a fair is organized.
- A temple dedicated to the great king Bhartrihari of Ujjain is situated in the Sariska of Alwar.
- Bhartrihari took samadhi in this place.
- In month of Bhadrapad and Baisakh, fairs are organized.
- It is also known as Kumbh of the Sadhus with pierced ears (Kanphate).
- It is located on the border of Dausa and Karoli district.
- The idol is not crafted by man rather it is carved out of the mountain.
- There are temples of Bhairav ji and Pretraj along with this.
- Every Navratras and on Hanuman Jayanti, fairs are organized.
33 crore Devi Devta Temple
- There is a saal of 33 crore devi devta in Mandore of Jodhpur.
- It is also known as Veero ki Saal.
- A temple dedicated to Meera bai in the Merta city of Nagaur.
- It is also known as Charbhuja Nath Mandir.
- Rao Duda, the grandfather of Meera Bai built this.
- There are also statues of Tulsidas and Raidas.
Kalyan Ji Temple
- It is located in Diggi (Malpura) of Tonk.
- Mewar ruler Maharana Sangram Singh built this temple.
- It has four-faced idol of Lord Vishnu.
- Muslims also worship this place and name it as Kalyan Pir.
- Largest fair of the state is organized here in month of Sharavana.
- Fairs are also organized on the eleventh day (Ekadashi) of the Shukla paksh Bhadrapad and Poornima of Baisakh months.
Rishabhdev ji Temple
- A three feet high black stone idol of Adi Tirthankar Lord Risabhdev is there in the temple.
- He is called as Kalaji by the locals.
- Bheels worship the aan of the Kalaji.
- The internal structure of the temple is divided in 5 parts – Ardhmandap, Mahamandap, Antral, Garbhgraha and Pradikshin Path.
- It is constructed in Nirandhar
OTHER IMPORTANT FACTS:
- The first dated temple of Rajasthan is of Sheetaleshwar Mahadev in Jhalarapattan.
- The temple of Adhbhutnathji at Nagda is famous for big idols.
- Another temple of Bhrama ji is situated in Asotara of Barmer.
- Mandaleshwar temple is situated in Arthuna which was capital of the Parmars.
- Sacchika mandir of the Osian was built by King Vatsraj.
- An eleven years old temple of Sawai Bhoj Devnarayan temple in Asind of Bhilwara got collapsed in 2006.
- There are several temples in Kiradu of Barmer belonging to 12th and 13th
- Viratra Mata temple is located in Barmer. She is regarded as Kul Devi of Bhopa
- Harshamata temple in Bandikui was highly regarded by the people of the Shakti cult in earlier times.