MAJOR TEMPLES AND SCLUPTURES OF RAJASTHAN | RAS EXAM

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INTRODUCTION

Rajasthan has been mainly a state of Hindu community; therefore, it has large numbers of temples built here. Early centuries temples like Temples of Matasya state and Abhaneri temple of Harshamata were specially designed in Mahamaru style.

 

         Temple of Usha

  • It is located in Bayana of Bharatpur and was built by Banasur.
  • A beautiful architecture based on a love epic.
  • It was later renovated by Ling lakshmansen’s wife Chitralekha and daughter Manglaraj in 336 A.D.

 

         Eklingji Temple

  • Four-sided face (charmukhi) Shiva temple is placed in Nagda near Udaipur.
  • Eklingji is regarded as deity of Mewar rulers.
  • It was constructed by Bappa Rawal and renovated by Mohal
  • There is an inscription in the south gate.

 

          Temple of Saas Bahu

  • It is near Eklingi ji temple in Nagda.
  • Originally it was named as Sahashrabahu which is of Lord Vishnu.
  • It is styled in Mahamaru and Solanki.
  • There is big temple called as Saas Mandir while small temple buildings around it are known as Bahu Mandir.

 

           Shiva Temple of Kansua

  • It is situated in Kota city.
  • There is an 8th century old rock inscription of Shiva written in Kutiya script on the left side of the wall.
  • It is said that first ray of the sun in the morning falls on the Shivalinga in the temple.

 

          Kapil Muni Temple

  • It is located in the Kolayat of Bikaner.
  • It is known as holy place of Kapil Muni.
  • There are 5 temples and 52 Ghats at the lake near this temple.
  • One of the biggest fairs of the Jangal Pradesh is organized on every Purnima of shukhla paksh of Kartik month.

 

          Madhuradish Temple

  • A temple devoted to Lord Krishna which is placed in Patanpol of Kota.
  • Vitthalnath ji, son of Vallabhcharya, established this temple and therefore, it is the main seat of Vaishnav sect.

 

          Vibhishan temple

  • This is the only temple of Vibhishan in India situated in Kothun town of Kota.
  • It belongs to a period somewhere between 3rd- 5th
  • The idol does not have any body, there is only head which is worshipped.

 

          Kiradu temple

  • It is located in Hashchma village in Barmer, below the Mount Haldeshwar.
  • There have been found remains of 5 ancient temples,out of which one is of Vishnu and other four belongs to Shiva.
  • One belongs to famous Someshwar temple.
  • On these remaining idols there are paintings depicting scenes of Ramayana, Sagar Manthan and Mahabharata, Krishna Leela.
  • It is also known as Treasure of Idols.

 

          Temple of Mallinath Ji

  • It is present in Tilwara of Barmer and it is also the tomb of Mallinath ji.
  • People worship him as a Lok Devta.
  • In every Chaitra month a huge animal fair is organized from Krishna paksh Ekadashi to Shukhla paksh Ekadashi.

 

          Harshanath Temple

  • The temple is situated at 3000 ft. above on Mount Harshanath near Sikar.
  • It is designed in Mahamaru style of architecture.
  • Vigrahraj IV, ruler of Ajmer built it in 656 A.D.
  • In 18th century, Raoraja Shiv Singh of Sikar constructed a new building.
  • On the thirteenth day (triyodashi) of every Bhadrapad month, a huge fair is organized.

 

          Khed temple of Ranchhod Rai Ji

  • It was built in Vikram Samvat 1230.
  • There is a giant idol of Sheshshyan Vishnu in the temple.
  • A fair is organized every year on Radhaashtmi.

 

          Khatu Shyam Ji Temple

  • Khatu Shyam ji temple is situated in Sikar district.
  • The foundation of the temple was laid down by Abhay Singh, Sisodia ruler of Ajmer.
  • Head part of Barbari, a character of Mahabharata, is worshipped here in the form of Lord Krishna in Kalyug.
  • Eleventh and twelfth day of Fagun month is celebrated every year as festive fair.
  • People come traveling on foot from distant places.

 

          Ganga Temple

  • A beautiful architect of red-colored stone on 84 pillars, located in Bharatapur.
  • The temple structure is raised above ground on a chauki (stool) and has large aangan (open space) around it.
  • It has been built in Nagar style.
  • Temple was founded by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1846 but idol of Ganga was installed in 1937 by Maharaj Brijendra Singh.

 

          Govind Dev Ji Temple

  • Sawai Jai Singh brought two twin Idols of Radhakrishna from Vrindavana and established Govind Dev ji temple in Palace of Jaipur.
  • It a beautiful centre of artistic craft and regarded as important holy place of Godiya sect.

 

          Goth Maglod

  • A temple devoted to Dadhimati, a nurse (dai maa) worshipped as deity of Brahmins.
  • It is situated in the Nagaur district at the border of Goth and Maglod.
  • It was built in Pratihar style during 9th
  • It has depiction of Ramayana on the inner wall and an idol of Ganesha on the south side and Shemankari on western side.
  • It has Sapthbhum naat shikar of Nagar style.

 

          Jagat Shiromani Mandir

  • It was built by Raja Man Singh in Amber in remembrance of his son Jagat Singh.
  • It is made of red-coloured stones in Nagar style.
  • There is a black idol of Lord Krishna.
  • It is presumed that this idol was brought from Chittor where Meera Bai worshiped it.
  • Toran Dwar is uniquely designed. The architecture of the temple is exceptional.

 

          Temple of Jeenamata

  • Jeenamata is considered as deity of Chuahan
  • It has an idol of Asthbhuja.
  • It is situated on Mount Harsh in Ralawata village of Sikar.

 

          Ambika Temple of Jagat

  • It is located in Amba Devi near Udaipur.
  • The temple is divided into three parts – a Sabha Mandap, one big temple and a small temple of Jal Pranalika.
  • At 50 metres distance, there is Nritya (dance) Mandap where postures of Durga is depicted.
  • The idol of the Durga is Kshemkari Vigrah. Images of dancing and singing Apsara are also there.
  • Idols of Uma, Saraswati and Mahishamardini is placed inside the temple.

 

          Sun Temple of Jhalarapattan

  • Situated in the district Jhalawar, the main idols of the temple are the Sun and Vishnu with a chariot.
  • It was designed in Nagar style in 10th century.
  • It has shrine sanctorum, Toran Dwar and a Sabha Mandap.
  • Lord Shiva, Parvati and Kuber idols are placed on the chariot.
  • There is a famous Trimukh idol of Sun God.
  • It also has image of Lord Shiva performing tandav.
  • This has Pragriv style.

 

          Dwarkadhish Temple

  • It was built in 1671 by Maharaja Raj Singh in Kankroli village of Rajsamand.
  • It is among the temple of Pushtimarg.
  • Murals depicting Lord krishna’s childhood time in Mewari style.

 

          Jain temple of Delwara

  • It is situated in Mount Abu.
  • White marbles have been used to build 5 temples.
  • First temple was built by Vimalshah, minister of King Bhimdev of Gujarat and dedicated to Aadinath.
  • Vastupal and his brother Tejpal made two other temples after 100 years.
  • It is compared to pan style of Greece and Church of West Minster Abbey of England.
  • The structure has Nagar style.
  • There is only 1 Jain Digambar temple and rest are Shwetamaber temples.
  • Second temple is of Tirthankar Neminath built in 1230.
  • Images of Saraswati, Lakshmi, Padmavati and Sheetla goddesses are carved out on the dome of the temple.
  • All these idols are installed in 57 Devarias.

 

         Nakati Mata Temple (Bhawnipur)

  • It is called as Nakati Mata temple for it has irregular shaped idols.
  • It is situated on Jaipur-Ajmer route.
  • Stone idols of Ganesha, Skand and Saptabhumi sitting on a lion can be found there.
  • At the entrance, there are images of Nagrah carved out on Maladhari chariot, Roop stambh and Patravalli.
  • Vishnu’s vehicle Garud is also drawn there.

 

          Neelkanth Temple

  • Shiva temple belongs to 10th century, situated in Padanagar of Alwar.
  • Idol of Shiva is made of black quartz stone.
  • Other temples of Vishnu, Brahma and Narsingh are also there.
  • The statue of Surya along with Shiva who is targeting at Tripurasur with his bow while Nandi is under his hump.

 

          Ranakpur Temple

  • It is situated in Falna and Sadri in Pali
  • It was constructed by Deyak Brahmin on the order of Dharnak, a confidant of Kumbha.
  • It has 85 Shikhar, 24 Mandap, 1444 pillars and 25 stairs.
  • It has Adinatha idol inside whereas temple of Parsvanatha is in front of it.
  • Hoop of the temple is of 48 thousand square foot.

 

          Surya temple of Toos

  • It is present on the banks of the river Bedach in Udaipur.
  • It is regarded as holy worship place by Saur sect.
  • There is a dome of octangular shape above and eight pillars on which statue of Mitrika has been engraved.
  • There are remaining of the paintings on the pillars showing the Sun in sitting posture along with one Apsara on each side.

 

          Ranakpur’s Sun Temple

  • It is situated in Pali.
  • Lord Sun is sitting on a chariot which is being pulled by eight horses.
  • On the outer wall of the sanctorum there is an image of seven horses and other god and goddesses.

 

          Samadhishwar Temple

  • Also known as temple of Mokal, this temple is in Chittor.
  • Information about this temple is also given Kumbhalgarh Inscription.
  • According to the Kumar Pal inscription of 1150, it is a Jain temple built by Chalukya King Naresh Kumar Pal.
  • In the form of Vamdev, Sadjyot and Bhairav, Lord Shiva has been symbolised.
  • It has Jain Idpols of Yaksh, Yakshini and Munindra.

 

          Osian Sun Temple

  • In the form of Panchayatan, this temple is located in Osian village of Jodhpur.
  • It is dedicated to Lord Lakshminarayan and Lord Sun.
  • Statues of Mahishamardini and Balram and Vishnu is there at the entrance gate.
  • On the south direction of the temple, there is Kund and Vyapi.
  • It has balconies in form of Ramnak and pillars decorated with Ghatpallav.

 

         Temple of Srinath Ji

  • It is situated near Banas river in Nathdwara of Rajsamand district.
  • Gusain ji and Damodar Tilkayat brought the idol of Srinath ji to Jodhpur from Vrindavana to save it from Aurangzeb.
  • It was later, taken to Mewar by Maharaja Raj Singh in 1669 A.D.
  • There is a seven coloured flag always hoisted above the temple.

 

         The Temple of Meera Bai

  • It was built in the courtyard of the Chittorgarh fort just near to Kumbh Shyam temple.
  • It was constructed in Indo-Aryan style by Maharana Sanga.
  • It has black-coloured idol of lord Krishna.
  • Later, Maharaja Sajjan Singh also installed Kalika Mata idol in the sanctorum after it got destructed by the attack of the Mughals.

 

         Matrikundiya Temple

  • It is located near Chandrabhaga river in Chittorgarh.
  • Also known as Haridwar of Rajasthan.
  • Here, ashes of the deceased people are immersed.

 

          Brahma Temple

  • A very famous temple situated in Pushkar of Ajmer.
  • It was constructed by Guru Shankaracharya but later renovated by Gokul Chand Pareek in 1809.
  • It has a life-size chaturmukhi idol of Brahma.

 

          Varah Temple

  • It was constructed by Arnoraj, the grand-father of Prithviraj Chauha in Pushkar.
  • It was refurbished by Saga, brother of Pratap during the period of Akbar.
  • It was wrecked by the Aurangzeb but it again got constructed by Sawai Jai Singh of Jaipur in 1727.

 

          Salasar Hanuman Temple

  • It is situated in the Churu
  • A farmer, Mohandas, found an idol of Hanuman ji in the fields in 1737.
  • The Idol have beard and mustache and placed on a golden throne.
  • Every Poornima of Bhadrapad, Ashwin, Chaitra and Baisakh month, a fair is organized.

 

          Bhartrihari Temple

  • A temple dedicated to the great king Bhartrihari of Ujjain is situated in the Sariska of Alwar.
  • Bhartrihari took samadhi in this place.
  • In month of Bhadrapad and Baisakh, fairs are organized.
  • It is also known as Kumbh of the Sadhus with pierced ears (Kanphate).

 

          Mehandipur Balaji

  • It is located on the border of Dausa and Karoli district.
  • The idol is not crafted by man rather it is carved out of the mountain.
  • There are temples of Bhairav ji and Pretraj along with this.
  • Every Navratras and on Hanuman Jayanti, fairs are organized.

 

          33 crore Devi Devta Temple

  • There is a saal of 33 crore devi devta in Mandore of Jodhpur.
  • It is also known as Veero ki Saal.

 

         Charbhuja Temple

  • A temple dedicated to Meera bai in the Merta city of Nagaur.
  • It is also known as Charbhuja Nath Mandir.
  • Rao Duda, the grandfather of Meera Bai built this.
  • There are also statues of Tulsidas and Raidas.

 

          Kalyan Ji Temple

  • It is located in Diggi (Malpura) of Tonk.
  • Mewar ruler Maharana Sangram Singh built this temple.
  • It has four-faced idol of Lord Vishnu.
  • Muslims also worship this place and name it as Kalyan Pir.
  • Largest fair of the state is organized here in month of Sharavana.
  • Fairs are also organized on the eleventh day (Ekadashi) of the Shukla paksh Bhadrapad and Poornima of Baisakh months.

 

          Rishabhdev ji Temple

  • A three feet high black stone idol of Adi Tirthankar Lord Risabhdev is there in the temple.
  • He is called as Kalaji by the locals.
  • Bheels worship the aan of the Kalaji.
  • The internal structure of the temple is divided in 5 parts – Ardhmandap, Mahamandap, Antral, Garbhgraha and Pradikshin Path.
  • It is constructed in Nirandhar

 

         OTHER IMPORTANT FACTS:

  • The first dated temple of Rajasthan is of Sheetaleshwar Mahadev in Jhalarapattan.
  • The temple of Adhbhutnathji at Nagda is famous for big idols.
  • Another temple of Bhrama ji is situated in Asotara of Barmer.
  • Mandaleshwar temple is situated in Arthuna which was capital of the Parmars.
  • Sacchika mandir of the Osian was built by King Vatsraj.
  • An eleven years old temple of Sawai Bhoj Devnarayan temple in Asind of Bhilwara got collapsed in 2006.
  • There are several temples in Kiradu of Barmer belonging to 12th and 13th
  • Viratra Mata temple is located in Barmer. She is regarded as Kul Devi of Bhopa
  • Harshamata temple in Bandikui was highly regarded by the people of the Shakti cult in earlier times.

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