SOILS OF RAJASTHAN | RAS | REET | PATWAR

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INTRODUCTION

Agriculture of a region highly depends on the type and quality of the soil, irrigation, climate in the that area. In Rajasthan, soil fertility changes from north-west to east and north-east. There are mainly eight types of soils found in the state.

BROWN SOIL

  • This type of soil is found in region of Banas and its tributaries in the east of the Aravalli.
  • The color of the soil is brown. It lacks nitrogen and phosphorus salts.
  • It is found in areas Tonk, Bundi, Swami Madhopur, Bhilwara, Udaipur and Chittorgarh.

SIEROZEM SOIL 

  • It is found in the small sand dunes of the west of Aravalli.
  • Also known as Grey Desert soil.
  • The color of the sand is the yellow brown.
  • It is less fertile because of the lack of the nitrogen and carbon.
  • It is mostly found in the region of Pali, Nagaur, Ajmer, and Jaipur.

RED DESERTIC SOIL

  • It is naturally red in color found in desert area.
  • It does not have nitrogen and carbonic substances.
  • It is found in Jalore, Nagaur, Pali, Jodhpur, Barmer, Churu, Jhunjhunu.

RED LOAMY SOIL 

  • It is red in color with very fine particles with moisture in it.
  • It is rich in iron oxide and thus, has red color.
  • It lacks nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium salts.
  • It is found in the southern part of the state such as Dungarpur, Banswara, Udaipur, and Chittorgarh.
  • It is most suitable for the production of the corn.

MOUNTAINOUS SOIL

  • It is found in the foothills of the Aravalli.
  • It is of red and yellow-brown colors.
  • It lacks density which makes it infertile.
  • It is found in the region of Sirohi, Udaipur, Ajmer, Pali, and Alwar.

SANDY SOIL 

  • It is the most common soil of the state.
  • Found in north-western region parts of Aravalli like Bikaner, Jodhpur, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhunjunu and Churu.
  • It has thick particles but lack nitrogen and carbonic substances.
  • Kharif crops cultivated in this soil are bajra, moth, moong.

ALLUVIAL SOIL

  • It is yellow in color.
  • It has moisture because of it is brought down by river water.
  • It has plenty of nitrogen and carbonic substance.
  • It is suitable for the cultivation of both Rabi and Kharif crops such as wheat, rice, cotton, tobacco.
  • This type of soil is found in the Alwar, Jaipur, Ajmer, Tonk, Sawai Madhopur, Bharatpur, Kota, Dholpur region.

ALKALINE SOIL

  • It occurs in the lower part of the state due to water logging conditions.
  • It is not fit for the agriculture as it has more alkaline substance.
  • The soil can be found in Sriganganagar, Jalore, Bikaner, and Barmer districts.

HADAUTI SOIL 

  • Soil found in the Hadauti region are black, red and yellow in color.
  • They are found in Bhilwara, Tonk, Malwa region, Chambal and Banas basin, Kota, Jhalawar, Sawai Madhopur, and Bundi.
  • It lacks iron, silica, nitrogen, calcium, phosphorous, sulphur, carbon and other bio-elements.
  • Crops like jwar, corn, cotton, sugarcane, mustard, pulses and juicy fruits.

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