Geographical Indication refers to a tag certified to a product originated in a particular geographical region. The product holds some specific quality, distinctive feature and status because of that origin. The tag is used for natural, agricultural and manufactured industrial or handicraft products.
The importance of GI tag is similar to the intellectual property rights like trademark, patent, copyright etc. It provides protection to holders and manufacturers of the product, which cannot be used by any third party who produces it without standard guidelines and conditions.
It enables only registered and authorised holder to use the popular name of the product.
The term GI is given under the Article 22 (1) of World Trade Organization Agreement which deals with Trade Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement.
As India is a member of WTO, it enacted the GI tag in year 1999 under Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act. It came into effect later from 15th September, 2003.
The certification is valid up to 10 years only and can be renewed every time.
The first Indian product to get recognition under GI Tag was the famous beverage ‘Darjeeling tea’ in 2004.
GI TAGS IN RAJASTHAN
Rajasthan has currently 16 products which has been certified as GI. They can be classified under three categories:
- Handicraft -13
- Food/Agriculture -1
- Natural -2
- Sojat Mehndi is the latest entry to the GI list. It has received recognition in 2021.
- Bagru Hand Block Printing
- Blue Pottery of Jaipur
- Blue Pottery of Jaipur Logo
- Kathputli of Rajasthan
- Kathputali of Rajasthan Logo
- Kota Doria
- Kota Doria Logo
- Molela Clay Work
- Molela Clay Work of Rajasthan Logo
- Pokaran Pottery
- Sanganeri Hand Block Printing
- Thewa Art Work
- Bikaneri Bhujia
- Makrana Marble
- Sojat Mehndi